Education in the Cannabis Industry


The Cannabis industry is still so green in Ohio. We work every day to be the best at what we do and it all starts with education.

The cannabis plant is full of chemical compounds and each one effects you in a different way. It is best to know what each component is and which works best for you.

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What is cannabis?

Cannabis refers to a group of three plants with psychoactive properties, known as Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, and Cannabis ruderalis.

When the flowers of these plants are harvested and dried, you’re left with the active part of the cannabis plant. With this flower, you can inhale it or break it down and injest it.


Cannabis Sativa

Appearance

Capable of towering over six meters in height, the Sativa species is native to tropical climates, where long periods of intense sunlight are the norm. This adaptation to its environment has allowed the sativa species to develop large pointed leaves with minimal markings or patterns. Their branches are outstretched with 3–6 inches between nodes.

Growing characteristics
Sativa strains are capable of dealing with higher concentrations of humidity compared to their indica counterparts. However, Sativas have a longer flowering time, with plenty of space needed for them to reach their full potential. Cultivating the Sativa subspecies requires a knowledgeable hand, and a carefully prepared growing environment or greenhouse.

Effects/ uses
Sativa strains commonly incite feelings of euphoria and a head-focused high when consumed. They can also be used in small doses to boost energy levels, creativity, and divergent thinking. Sativas are not the first choice for medical markets, unless dealing with specific medical conditions. Sativa-dominant strains are an ideal choice for the recreational food and drink market. 

 


Cannabis Indica

Appearance

The Indica subspecies is the opposite of Sativa strains in virtually all respects. It grows much shorter, with denser branch structure. Leaves are also smaller, with broader, slightly marbled fingers. Grown correctly, Indica strains resemble a small Christmas tree, with the largest leaves at the base of the plant.

Growing characteristics
Indicas are less adept to humid conditions, and can easily fall victim to mold, unless monitored. They are usually the preferred option for recreational growers as they have a shorter flowering period. This means that in controlled environments (indoor grow room) it is possible to harvest multiple times per year.

Effects/ uses
Indica strains produce a body-centric effect that can be used to soothe muscles, aches and pains. Certain Indica strains can also help induce sleep or tackle insomnia. These attributes usually make Indica-dominant strains preferable for medicinal use.

 


Cannabis Ruderalis

Appearance

Existing somewhere between the Sativa and Indica subspecies, Ruderalis have small, thick leaves with only a few branches and a fibrous stem. They do not grow very tall, only reaching up to four feet in height. Native to central and eastern Europe and Asia, the Ruderalis subspecies has become adept at thriving in poor, or hostile environments.

Growing characteristics
The fundamental difference between Ruderalis and Sativa or Indica is how the subspecies flowers. Usually, a cannabis plant would use the change in seasons to prompt the shift from the vegetative phase to flowering. However, due to the lower sunlight intensity in Europe, the Ruderalis subspecies has developed an inbuilt timer for flowering—regardless of seasonal changes. Its genetics determine the length of time it spends in the vegetative stage before automatically flowering.

Effects/ uses
Ruderalis strains have low levels of THC and produce lower yields in comparison to the indica or sativa subspecies. They are not used in the recreational market due to their rather poor return, although they can be cross-bred with either Indica or Sativa strains to improve yields. The Ruderalis subspecies can contain higher levels of CBD and be useful for medicinal markets, as long as sophisticated extraction equipment is used. The fibrous stems also make Ruderalis strains more suitable for use in clothing, or textiles.

Endocannabinoid System (ECS)

The ECS is a signaling system that involves neurotransmitters and CBD and THC. They are chemical compounds that work on CB1 and CB2 receptors found throughout the human body. 

Cannabinoids

Cannabinoids are chemical compounds that are found in the cannabis plant. A physician can determine if your symptoms would benefit from the cannabinoids. If you have a qualifying condition, you can be issued a medical marijuana card. 

 

THC

THC is the main component of marijuana. THC is the chemical that affects your behavior and mood giving you the euphoric feeling

 

CBD

CBD is a chemical component of marijuana. CBD gets into the CBD receptors and offer pain releif. CBD is not a psychoactive chemical.

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